The Carmelite friar Fray Anthony Vázquez de Espinosa mentions in Cumaná, New Andalusia, a shrine to Our Lady of Mount Carmel with a hospital for the poor, and Carmelite convents in Belém and São Luis in the region of the River Marañon.
Prospects of a permanent foundation came from Peru. The same year, 1586, Salazar sent Fray John de Valenzuela to round up all the brethren wandering around Peru without benefit of patents from their religious superiors.
In 1570, Rossi laments that he still has not managed to make a permanent foundation of the Order in the New World.
Among the many services Rossi performed for the Order is the promotion of the missions.
The earliest Carmelite in the Indies of whom there is record is Gregory de Santa Maria, of Seville, who in 1527 made his way to Yucatán, apparently as chaplain to the expedition of Francis Montejo.
The site chosen for the hermitage, the fountain of Elijah, is worthy of note, for it was to have a profound influence on the charism of the Order. The memory of the prophets Elijah and Elisha attached to various localities in the Palestine of the crusades is very striking.
By the bull Omnimodo, May 9, 1522, Pope Adrian VI authorized the mendicant orders to evangelize the Indies.