Contemporary with the Reform of Albi is the foundation of the hermitage of Monte Oliveto near Genoa. Sometimes known as the “Reform of Monte Oliveto,” it was simply an autonomous house of the Order. Its founder was Hugh Marengo, of the Mantuan Congregation, who envisioned a hermitage according to the original Carmelite way of life. When his proposal was rejected by the Congregation, he went ahead on his own. In 1516, the Congregation expelled him, but the same year, he obtained papal approval of his hermitage and was appointed its vicar apostolic, independent of the prior general.
In connection with religious fervor at this time, mention might be made of Bl. Jacobinus of Crevacuore (alias, de Canepaciis), of the convent of Vercelli in the Lombardy province. A lay brother, he functioned as porter and was esteemed for his charity to the poor and spirit of work and prayer. He died in 1508, a victim of the plague.